Description of the WILD 5 Wellness Program and Its Utility in Individuals Suffering From a Psychiatric Illness: Results From a 30-Day Intervention With an Optional 90-Day Extension Phase
This poster was presented at the 29th Annual U.S. Psychiatric & Mental Health Congress, held October 21-24, 2016, in San Antonio, Texas.
Introduction: Positive psychology/psychiatry is now receiving attention from the field. WILD 5, a 30-day study combined five interventions and tracked multiple markers. Individuals successfully completing the program were offered a 90-day extension. Our hypothesis was the use of a multi-pronged wellness program will help reduce common psychiatric symptoms, as well as enhancing critical wellness traits such as happiness, enthusiasm, resilience, and optimism, which we call the ‘HERO’ wellness traits.
Methods: Five well-studied wellness interventions were utilized including exercise, mindfulness meditation, sleep hygiene interventions, social connectedness practices, and nutritional recommendations. To assess Wellness we used multiple instruments including the WHO-5, and a new instrument called the WILD 5 Wellness Scale, as well as levels of happiness, enthusiasm, resilience and optimism. Adherence was tracked in both the 30-day program, and the 90-day extension program.
Findings: The following changes were found at the end of this 30-day wellness program: Depression (PHQ-9) improved by 43% (p<0.0001); Anxiety (GAD-7) improved by 40% (p<0.0001); Sleep quality (PSQI) improved by 29% (p<0.0001); Emotional Eating (DEBQ) improved by 14% (p<0.0001); and Mental Wellness (WHO-5) improved by 60% (p<0.0001). Statistical significance was found for mindfulness (MAAS), and work productivity (EWPS). On a 0 to 10 Likert scale we measured four components of mental wellness: Happiness improved by 30% (p<0.001); Enthusiasm improved by 51% (p<0.001); Resilience improved by 63% (p<0.0001), and Optimism improved by 45% (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Specific, targeted, and prescriptive Wellness interventions, as created by the five-pronged WILD 5 Wellness Program, is effective for patients with a psychiatric illness.